I.       Introduction and Statement of Purpose

I.A.      Institutional Requirements and Philosophy

            The three primary missions of this university are teaching, research, and service.  These three missions must be carried out in such a manner as to maximize the overall benefits to society from the activities of members of the organization.  Since much of the teaching, research, and service that are carried out at Washington State University involve the use of radioactive materials and/or radiation machines, all activities that result in potential radiation exposure to students, faculty, and staff must be reviewed and approved by an appropriate administrative organization and oversight committee.

            It is an established policy at WSU that every effort shall be made to maintain occupational radiation exposure as low as is reasonably achievable.  The term "radiation" shall be understood to refer only to ionizing radiation as defined in WAC-246-220-010(106).  "Radiation" means ionizing radiation, i.e., gamma rays and x-rays, alpha and beta particles, high speed electrons, and other nuclear particles.  The term "as low as is reasonably achievable" (ALARA) shall be understood to mean as low as is readily achievable, taking into account the state of technology, the economics of improvements in relation to benefits to the public health and safety, and in relation to the utilization of nuclear energy, ionizing radiation and radioactive materials in the public interest, in accordance with the guiding philosophy enunciated in WAC 246-220-007.

I.B.      Regulatory Requirements

            The State of Washington is an "Agreement State" in terms of the federal regulations regarding control of radiation from radioactive materials and of all radiation machines, with the exception of nuclear reactors.  The federal government thus has delegated authority for the control of radiation (not related to nuclear reactors) within the state to the state government.  The State of Washington, in accepting this authority and concomitant responsibility, has promulgated appropriate control regulations entitled, "Rules and Regulations--Radiation Protection," which are contained in Title 246, Chapters 220-254, of the Washington Administrative Code (WAC).  Provisions of the code pertaining to mixed wastes (i.e., hazardous wastes containing a radioactive component) appear in Title 173.  The University, under the provisions of WAC 246-235-030 and  246-235-090, has a Type A specific license of broad scope for radioactive materials,  No. WN-C003-1.  State regulations pertaining to this type of license require the establishment of appropriate administrative controls to include a radiation safety committee, a radiation safety officer, and pertinent procedures.